Bloodborne Pathogens Overview
29 CFR 1910.1030 Subpart Z
29 CFR 1910.1030 Appendix A
29 CFR 1904.7
29 CFR 1904.8
CPL 02-02-069 - CPL 2-2.69
OSHA Fact Sheet 02/01/1993. Most frequently asked questions concerning the bloodborne pathogen standard.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Guidance Documents and Resources
29 CFR 1910.1020
OSHA Standard Interpretations for 1910.1030 – Bloodborne Pathogens
UNAIDS. AIDS Epidemic Update, December, 2003.
Fleming, P.L. et al. HIV Prevalence in the United States, 2000. 9th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Seattle, Wash., Feb. 24-28, 2002. Abstract 11.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - HIV and AIDS - United States, 1981-2001, MMWR 2001;50:430-434
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - HIV Prevention Strategic Plan: Extended Through 2010, October 2007
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2002;14:1-40
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Identify the ways HIV, HBV, and HCV pathogens are transmitted
Identify basic precautions to prevent exposure
Identify actions to take in case of exposure to bloodborne pathogens
The goal of this training is to educate employees to minimize their exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
Bloodborne pathogens are viruses carried in human blood and other body fluids that cause disease in people. There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria and syphilis, but the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses, which can each lead to liver cancer, pose the most serious threat of workplace exposure.
Perhaps no other profession is more at risk of the hazards posed by bloodborne pathogens than the medical profession, but that’s not to say that awareness and prevention measures shouldn’t be prevalent in all workplaces, because the price of ignorance can be very costly and simple understanding of some bloodborne pathogen basics, really can save lives.
In the workplace, transmission is usually through injuries from contaminated sharp objects that penetrate the skin, such as needles, knives, broken glass, or from splashes into the mucous membranes of your eyes, nose, or mouth, or through exposed openings or abrasions in the skin from scratches, cuts, bites, or wounds.
Rule number one: treat all blood and body fluids as if they were infected. Always wear disposable gloves whenever there is a potential for exposure to blood, body fluids, or other potentially infectious materials. Additional personal protective equipment (PPE) may be required, depending upon the circumstances.
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