Back Safety and Injury Prevention
Recognize how back injuries occur in the workplace
Identify ways you can care for your back and prevent back injuries
Explain how best practices, such as using tools and equipment and moving loads properly, can prevent back injuries
There’s a very good reason to have the back of your workforce by giving them the proper personal protective equipment (PPE) to avoid injuries, and training them in safe lifting techniques.
Back pain is one of the most common health complaints in the United States and around the world. Back pain affects 8 out of 10 people at some point in their lives. Risks are higher for manufacturing, warehouse, hospitality and trades workers, as well as others with physically demanding jobs.
Common Factors That May Increase Your Risk of Back Injury
The Natural Aging Process
As we age, the discs between the vertebrae in our backs wear away and shrink. The bones eventually start to rub against each other, which causes pain and stiffness. In addition, the space around our spinal cord narrows over time, putting pressure on the cord and spinal nerves, and causing pain.
Forceful exertion involves the amount of physical effort expended to overcome the weight, resistance, or inertia of the body or a work object. Activities that require forceful exertion include carrying a heavy box from a delivery truck to a storage room or operating a handcart full of heavy materials.
An awkward posture is a body position that involves bending, twisting, or reaching. Working in an awkward posture compresses tendons, nerves, and blood vessels, and increases the force a worker must apply to complete a task. Activities that involve awkward postures include reaching up to run wiring to an overhead light fixture or kneeling and bending to install carpet.
Vibration is the quivering or trembling that comes from power tools and heavy equipment. Vibration restricts the blood supply to the affected body parts, which, depending on the vibration level and duration of exposure, can contribute to an ergonomic injury. Activities that expose workers to vibration include drilling a hole in a wall or sitting for a long time operating a forklift.
Some tasks involve repeating the same actions with little variation. Highly repetitive tasks often involve the use of only a few muscles or body parts while the rest of the body is unaffected. When motions are repeated frequently, there may be inadequate time for muscles and tendons to recover, causing them to become strained and fatigued. Activities that require repetitive motion include moving items from a low box to a high shelf or loading cans onto a production line.
10 General Tips for Maintaining a Healthy Back
Maintain a healthy weight
People who are overweight are at greater risk for back pain, joint pain, and muscle strain than those who are not overweight. This is especially true for people with extra weight in their stomachs, because this excess weight pulls the pelvis forward and strains the lower back. A healthy, well balanced diet accompanied by a safe exercise program will help you achieve or maintain a healthy weight.
Get enough rest, but not too much
Sleep is good for our bodies, so it is important to get enough sleep and to sleep in a position that maintains a natural alignment of the spine. However, it is also important to maintain an active lifestyle if you want to reduce your risk of developing back pain. The vast majority of lower back problems are muscular in origin, and if the muscles are not moved and stretched regularly, they become tight, short, and stiff, eventually resulting in back pain and injury.
Maintain good posture
Correct posture and body mechanics result in less pressure on the discs and less strain to the muscles, ligaments and back joints. When your posture is good and you move your body correctly, you reduce your risk of back injury. A qualified individual may be able to help you optimize your working posture by doing an ergonomic assessment of your job and your work environment.
Stress increases tension in all of your muscles, including your back muscles. Therefore, stress-reduction techniques like deep breathing and meditation may help you reduce your risk of back pain and injury.
Inflexibility in the form of tight hamstrings and a limited range of motion in the trunk can increase your risk of back injury or make existing back pain worse. Some forms of exercise, such as yoga, Pilates and tai chi, may help relieve or prevent back pain by increasing flexibility.
Back Pain and Injuries
Caring for Your Back
Performing Tasks Safely
AHWA Foundation, Exercises and Stretches for Lower Back Pain, 2021
California Department of Industrial Relations, General Industry Safety Orders, 106 Ergonomics, Repetitive Motion Injuries
Healthline, 7 Lower Back Stretches to Reduce Pain and Build Strength, 2021
Mayo Clinic, Patient Care & Health Information, Diseases and Conditions, Sciatica, 2021
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Back Injury Prevention Training Guide, OSHA
Spine Institute, Wellness, The Importance of Proper Body Mechanics - Keeping Your Spine Healthy, 2021
Spine-health, 5 Ways to Keep Your Spine Healthy and Happy, 2021
Stretching Exercises Guide, How Long to Stretch, 2007 - 2020
UCLA Health, Ergonomics, 2021
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